Maha Mangala Sutta: The Discourse on Great Blessings
The Maha Mangala Sutta is one of the most popular Buddhist discourses that describes the 38 supreme blessings for a happy and peaceful life. It was delivered by the Buddha in response to a question posed by a deity named Sakka, who asked him what constitutes the highest blessings in this world and the next.
The Buddha explained that the highest blessings are not dependent on external conditions, such as wealth, fame, or power, but on one's own actions, attitudes, and mental qualities. He listed 38 blessings that cover various aspects of human life, such as morality, wisdom, generosity, patience, devotion, and meditation. He also emphasized the importance of avoiding evil deeds, associating with the wise, and cultivating a mind of loving-kindness and compassion.
The Maha Mangala Sutta is widely recited and studied by Buddhists of all traditions, as it provides a comprehensive and practical guide to living a wholesome and noble life. It is also considered to be a source of protection and merit for those who chant it with faith and understanding.
The Maha Mangala Sutta is found in the Sutta Nipata (Sn 2.4) and the Khuddakapatha (Khp 5) of the Pali Canon. It has been translated into many languages, including Sinhala, which is the native language of Sri Lanka. A Sinhala translation of the Maha Mangala Sutta can be downloaded as a PDF file from this link: Maha Mangala Sutta Sinhala PDF. The PDF file contains 15 pages of text with the Pali verses, their Sinhala translation, and explanatory notes.
Part 2: The Supporting Blessings: 7. To have a good education 8. To be proficient at work 9. To have good discipline and ethics 10. To speak well and politely 11. To support one's parents 12. To take care of one's family 13. To engage in a harmless occupation
The Supporting Blessings are those that help to establish a stable and harmonious life in the world. They are related to one's education, career, family, and social responsibilities. They also reflect one's moral values and conduct. By cultivating these blessings, one can enjoy a good reputation, a comfortable livelihood, and a peaceful mind.
#7 â To have a good education Education is the process of acquiring knowledge, skills, and values that enable one to understand oneself and the world better. It also helps to develop one's potential and talents, and to contribute to the welfare of society. A good education is not limited to formal schooling, but also includes learning from various sources, such as books, teachers, friends, elders, nature, and experience. A good education also involves learning the Dhamma, which is the ultimate source of wisdom and happiness.
#8 â To be proficient at work Work is the activity that one engages in to earn a living and to support oneself and others. It can also be a means of expressing one's creativity and passion. To be proficient at work means to perform one's duties well, with diligence, competence, and honesty. It also means to respect one's co-workers, employers, customers, and competitors, and to avoid harming or exploiting anyone through one's work. By being proficient at work, one can gain satisfaction, confidence, and respect from others.
#9 â To have good discipline and ethics Discipline is the quality of being able to control one's body, speech, and mind according to moral principles. Ethics is the system of moral principles that guides one's conduct in relation to oneself and others. To have good discipline and ethics means to follow the five precepts  of abstaining from killing, stealing, sexual misconduct, lying, and intoxication. These precepts are the basic code of morality for all Buddhists, as they help to prevent harm and promote harmony among all beings.
#10 â To speak well and politely Speech is the expression of one's thoughts and feelings through words. It is a powerful tool that can influence oneself and others for good or evil. To speak well and politely means to use speech that is truthful, gentle, beneficial, and meaningful. It also means to avoid speech that is false, harsh, harmful, or frivolous. The Buddha taught that one should speak only what is true and beneficial, at the right time and in a pleasant manner.
#11 â To support one's parents Parents are those who give birth to us, nurture us, protect us, and guide us in life. They are our first teachers and benefactors. To support one's parents means to respect them, love them, care for them, listen to them, and help them in their needs. It also means to repay their kindness by following their good advice, by being grateful for their sacrifices, by living a virtuous life, and by dedicating merits  to them.
#12 â To take care of one's family Family is the group of people who are related by blood or marriage. They are our closest companions and supporters in life. To take care of one's family means to cherish them, provide for them, educate them, protect them, and share joys and sorrows with them. It also means to maintain harmony among family members by being faithful, generous,
kindly disposed towards each other.
#13 â To engage in a harmless occupation Occupation is the type of work that one chooses or engages in as a profession or vocation. It is an important aspect of one's life as it affects one's income,
To engage in a harmless occupation means
to choose or engage in a work that does not involve killing,