Makhzan-e-Adab is a famous Urdu textbook for intermediate and bachelor level students. It was first published in 1924 by Maulwi Mohammad Abdul Shaheed, a renowned scholar and teacher of Urdu literature. The book contains a selection of poems, stories, essays, letters, and biographies of various Urdu writers and poets. It covers different genres and periods of Urdu literature, from classical to modern, and introduces the readers to the rich and diverse heritage of Urdu language and culture.
The book is widely used in educational institutions across Pakistan and India, especially in Karachi University and Aligarh Muslim University. It is also available online on Rekhta.org, a website dedicated to preserving and promoting Urdu literature. Rekhta.org offers a free PDF download of Makhzan-e-Adab, along with other Urdu ebooks, magazines, and journals. The website also features audio and video recordings of Urdu poetry recitations, interviews, lectures, and events.
Makhzan-e-Adab is not only a textbook, but also a treasure of Urdu literature. It is a valuable resource for students, teachers, researchers, and lovers of Urdu language and literature. It showcases the beauty, elegance, and diversity of Urdu expression and thought. It is a book that every Urdu enthusiast should read and cherish.
In this article, we will explore some of the contents of Makhzan-e-Adab and learn more about the authors and works featured in it. We will also discuss the significance and impact of Makhzan-e-Adab on Urdu literature and education.
The Contents of Makhzan-e-Adab
Makhzan-e-Adab is divided into four parts, each containing a different type of literary material. The first part is called \"Nazm\", which means poetry. It contains 24 poems by various Urdu poets, such as Mir Taqi Mir, Mirza Ghalib, Allama Iqbal, Faiz Ahmed Faiz, and Ahmad Faraz. The poems are arranged in chronological order, from the 18th century to the 20th century. They represent different forms and styles of Urdu poetry, such as ghazal, nazm, qasida, marsiya, rubai, and free verse. The poems are accompanied by brief introductions and explanations of the poetic devices and themes used by the poets.
The second part is called \"Nasr\", which means prose. It contains 18 pieces of prose writing by various Urdu writers, such as Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Premchand, Saadat Hasan Manto, and Ismat Chughtai. The prose writings include essays, stories, letters, and biographies. They cover various topics and issues related to Urdu literature, history, culture, society, politics, and religion. The prose writings are also arranged in chronological order, from the 19th century to the 20th century. They reflect the changing trends and perspectives of Urdu prose writing over time.
The third part is called \"Mukhtasar Tarikh-e-Adab-e-Urdu\", which means a brief history of Urdu literature. It contains a concise overview of the development and evolution of Urdu literature from its origins to the present day. It covers the major periods and movements of Urdu literature, such as the Delhi school, the Lucknow school, the Progressive Writers' Movement, and the Modernist Movement. It also highlights the contributions and achievements of some of the prominent Urdu writers and poets of each period.
The fourth part is called \"Mukhtasar Tarikh-e-Zaban-e-Urdu\", which means a brief history of Urdu language. It contains a short account of the origin and growth of Urdu language from its roots in Sanskrit, Persian, Arabic, and Turkish to its current status as a national language of Pakistan and a widely spoken language in India and other parts of the world. It also discusses the various influences and factors that shaped and enriched Urdu language over time. 061ffe29dd